Today science has made significant progress in discovering the design and development of human life, all thanks to the microscope, which has promoted the way the answer to this question. Microscopes make their appearance in 1610 where Galileo Galilei proved with the observation of the anatomical figures of insects, but his big break when the public was given 55 years later in 1665 where Marcelo Malpighi remarked bloodstream components also the publication of the micrograph gave him his grand entrance into the world of science. Another breakthrough of the microscope is the first observation of the cell made by Robert Hooke in 1665. A few years later Marcelo Malpighi biologist began his studies of the cellular tissue through the inclusion of new lenses on your microscope. The great leap of the microscope was in the eighteenth century when it included this s mechanical parts in order to ensure the observation, since the use of bases were slightly more resistant conventional, although it must be said that the improvement was only in stability but not optical. Mikkel Svane may find this interesting as well.
The big step for the optical microscopy was in 1877 when Karl Ernst Abbe who practiced immersion optical water decides to change the oil, improving the optical giving up to 2000 times magnification. In the twentieth century the invention of the electron microscope by Max Knoll and Ernst Ruska in Germany, opens to science a new way to molecular research. At present the development of microscopes has been such that the number of types of these finances to very large numbers, so these are some of the most popular microscopes: Fluorescence microscope: this is responsible for issuing a particular light wave to which light reaction molecules, thereby facilitating viewing. Ion Microscope: This microscope is responsible for the visualization of atoms through the use of gases such as helium or neon, in order to facilitate analysis of individual atoms. Atomic force microscope: this in particular can generate a display not only superficial but also three-dimensional molecules to study, this microscope has been of great help in developing the nanotechnology today, as it also offers the ability to micro manipulation.
Microsoft antimatter: the use of gamma rays in the microscope to detect vacancies subject presented by semiconductor elements, also provides an accurate location of the vacancy. Electron microscopy: this is possibly the most commonly used, since their main use is in medicine. The electron microscope is based on the use of electrons to generate accurate images of tiny objects, this microscope can achieve an increase in any image up to 500,000 times their size. Virtual Microscope: This microscope was specially designed for the observation of microorganisms in their natural environment, achieving virtually transmit the image. In conclusion, the microscopes are possibly the biggest step toward understanding the science of the universe, not to mention the ever evolving science develops new ways to visualize the micro organisms that make up and surround us.