Embroidery – a widespread form of decorative art in which the pattern and the image is done manually (with a needle, sometimes hook) or by the embroidery machine in various tissues, skin, felt and other Content linen, cotton, wool, silk (mostly color), metal (gold, silver) threads, as well as hair, beads, pearls, sequins, sometimes in combination with sewn with precious stones, coins and the like. For embroidered appliques (a type of embroidery, often with raised seam) used fabric, fur, felt, leather. Embroidery used to decorate clothing, household items, to create a separate decorative panels. Infinitely varied types of joints: for the "deaf" embroidery, ie of whole cloth, is characterized by a cross, satin stitch, set painting, tambour, etc., for "horizontal" embroidery, ie of tissue with pre-cut or pulled off in separate sections of filaments – openwork, "woven by a" floor, cross-stitch crochet lace, and others. Used separately and in various combinations with each other, they allow you to create embroidery from very flat to convex, from the lightest outline, or fishnet mesh ("lacy") to "carpet" is dense harboring the entire surface of the product. Rectilinear geometric pattern is received Counting embroidery (count yarns cloth), curvilinear – "Free" Embroidery (on a pre suffered contour).
The appearance of embroidery dates back to ancient times and is associated with the appearance of the stitch, stitch on clothes from animal skins. Improvement of technology due to the transition from stone and bone awls of bone, then bronze, and later a steel needle, and the development of the spinning, weaving, dyeing business, etc. The earliest preserved examples of embroidery – Seat tires with typical Scythian-Siberian "animal style" figures of animals and embroidered with stylized figure of a man-jaguar ancient Peruvian mantle of the Paracas necropolis. Ancient Russian story embroidery (embroidery) on ecclesiastical robes, bedspreads and other things in the early samples (preserved with 12.) associated with the Byzantine embroidery and different going from the Byzantine taste for a rich play of colors of natural materials (silk background, gold thread, pearls). Sewing 14-17 cc. typical characteristic of the Russian icon expressiveness general silhouette shape and purity of exquisite color combinations..